A complement to reforestation
It goes without saying that trees provide numerous benefits in rural communities. The pressure to open forests for agriculture - whether coffee plantations, sugar cane or cattle - leads to a reduction of forest cover and all the services the forest provides. In traditional agriculture, land was often allowed to return to forest after a period of farming. This allowed more sustainable access to forest services and maintained soil fertility. Agroforestry revisits this practice. It integrates agriculture and forestry in order to support annual crops and livestock. Agroforestry can take a number of forms and serve different functions.